Technologies and Asylum Procedures

A/Prof Derya Ozkul, Mature Research Associates, Refugee Research Centre, College or university of Oxford

Increasingly, technologies and methods are being used to streamline asylum procedures. These types of range from biometric matching machines that evaluate iris reads and fingerprints to websites for refugees and asile to chatbots to help people signup protection circumstances. These tools are created to make it easier for the purpose of states and agencies to process asylum applications, especially as much systems are slowed down because of the COVID-19 pandemic and increasing levels of obligated displacement.

Nonetheless they raise a number of human rights concerns. Included in this are privacy worries, opaque decision-making, and the potential for biases or equipment errors which may lead to discriminatory outcomes. They also pose significant strains to migrants and asylum seekers, who will often be already disenfranchised and inclined.

Ozkul’s explore explores the ways in which fresh technologies may be used to verify details and narratives of migrant workers, allowing them to accelerate their asylum application process. It also discusses the ways in which these technologies can create a certain informational space around migrants, and how they will configure their very own subjecthood. Next Foucault, she argues that such algorithms are both comarcal and institutional. For example , eye scanning algorithms can be seen since an institutional technology, because they require the migrant to a specific location in order to be accepted; while advice algorithms are business and global in their results, configuring subjects as customers.

As a result, they will enact a specific form of hegemonic power more than displaced people. This is especially true granted the current competition to the underlying part in asylum policy – with some countries offering offers like the Nansen passport to aid cachette resettling and others impacting restrictive guidelines that block their very own access to place and induce them back into dangerous and deadly journeys.

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